Posts Tagged ‘assistive technology’

Book chapter: Assistive Systems for the Workplace: Towards Context-Aware Assistance

By Oliver on February 10th, 2015 in assistive systems, assistive technology, HCI, HMI, publications

Korn, Oliver; Funk, Markus; Schmidt, Albrecht:
Assistive Systems for the Workplace: Towards Context-Aware Assistance

In: Assistive Technologies for Physical and Cognitive Disabilities. IGI Global, 2015. pp 121-135
DOI = 10.4018/978-1-4666-7373-1.ch006

Abstract

Assist-Sys-for-the-WorkplaceRecent advances in motion recognition allow the development of Context-Aware Assistive Systems (CAAS) for industrial workplaces that go far beyond the state of the art: they can capture a user’s movement in real-time and provide adequate feedback. Thus, CAAS can address important questions, like Which part is assembled next? Where do I fasten it? Did an error occur? Did I process the part in time? These new CAAS can also make use of projectors to display the feedback within the corresponding area on the workspace (in-situ). Furthermore, the real-time analysis of work processes allows the implementation of motivating elements (gamification) into the repetitive work routines that are common in manual production.

In this chapter, the authors first describe the relevant backgrounds from industry, computer science, and psychology. They then briefly introduce a precedent implementation of CAAS and its inherent problems. The authors then provide a generic model of CAAS and finally present a revised and improved implementation.

http://www.igi-global.com/chapter/assistive-systems-for-the-workplace/122906

Gamification of Business Processes: Re-Designing Work in Production and Service Industry

Korn, Oliver; Schmidt, Albrecht:
Gamification of Business Processes: Re-Designing Work in Production and Service Industry

In: Procedia Manufacturing, 2015 [to be published]
DOI = 10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.616

AbstractGamification-in-Production

In this work we provide an overview of gamification, i.e. the application of methods from game design to enrich non-gaming processes. The contribution is divided into five subsections: an introduction focusing on the progression of gamification through the hype cycle in the recent years (1), a brief introduction to gamification mechanics (1) and an overview of the state of the art in established areas (3). The focus is a discussion of more recent attempts of gamification in service and production (4). We also discuss the ethical implications (5) and the future perspectives (6)
of gamified business processes.

Gamification has been successfully applied in the domains education (serious games) and health (exergames) and is spreading to other areas. In recent years there have been various attempts to “gamify” business processes. While the first efforts date back as far as the collection of miles in frequent flyer programs, we will portray some of the more recent and comprehensive software-based approaches in the service industry, e.g. the gamification of processes in sales and marketing. We discuss their accomplishments as well as their social and ethical implications. Finally a very recent approach is presented: the application of gamification in the domain of industrial production. We discuss the special requirements in this domain and the effects on the business level and on the users. We conclude with a prognosis on the future development of gamification.

Presentation

This work will be presented at the AHFE 2015, the 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics within the conference track: 3rd International Conference on Human Side of Service Engineering

PhD thesis: Context-Aware Assistive Systems for Augmented Work. A Framework Using Gamification and Projection

At May 21st I finished my PhD in Computer Science at the Institute for Visualization and Interactive Systems (VIS) at the University of Stuttgart. The advisors were Prof. Dr. Albrecht Schmidt from the VIS and Prof. Dr. Fillia Makedon from the Universiy of Texas Alington (UTA). The work is based on the project ASLM acquired by Prof. Dr. Thomas Hörz from the University of Applied Sciences Esslingen and was continued in the project motionEAP.

Diss-CoverThe PhD is situated in the University of Stuttgart’s SimTech Cluster and was supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. It is published as “Open Source” – this means you can download and distribute this work freely as long as you indicate the source:

Context-Aware Assistive Systems for Augmented Work. A Framework Using Gamification and Projection (PDF, 7.7 MB)

If you prefer a printed version you can order it at Lulu Press.

Keywords:

assistive systems, assistive technologies, gamification, projection, motion recognition, context-aware, game design, human computer interaction, HCI, elderly, impaired, ethics, digital factory, cyber-physical systems, CPS

Abstract:

While context-aware assistive systems (CAAS) have become ubiquitous in cars or smartphones, most workers in production environments still rely on their skills and expertise to make the right choices and movements. (more…)

PETRA ’14

The 7th International Conference on PErvasive Technologies
Related to Assistive Environments

(organized by the University of Texas at Arlington, USA)

PETRA-14

http://www.petrae.org/

May 27-30, Island of Rhodes, Greece

Presentation of Paper: Context-aware Assistive Systems at the Workplace. Analyzing the Effects of Projection and Gamification

Context-aware Assistive Systems at the Workplace. Analyzing the Effects of Projection and Gamification

CAAS-ModelKorn, Oliver; Funk, Markus; Abele, Stephan; Schmidt, Albrecht; Hörz, Thomas:
Context-aware Assistive Systems at the Workplace. Analyzing the Effects of Projection and Gamification

In: PETRA ’14 Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments, ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2014
DOI =10.1145/2674396.2674406

Abstract

Context-aware assistive systems (CAAS) have become ubiquitous in cars or smartphones but not in industrial work contexts: while there are systems controlling work results, context-specific assistance during the processes is hardly offered. As a result production workers still have to rely on their skills and expertise. While un-impaired workers may cope well with this situation, elderly or impaired persons in production environments need context-sensitive assistance.

The contribution of the research presented here is three-fold: (1) We provide a framework for context-aware assistive systems in production environments. These systems are based on motion recognition and use projection and elements from game design (gamification) to augment work. (2) Based on this framework we describe a prototype with respect to both the physical and the software implementation. (3) We present the results of a study with impaired workers and quantifying the effects of the augmentations on work speed and quality.

Assisitive Augmentation at the Manual Workplace using In-Situ Projection

table_sketchFunk, Markus; Korn, Oliver; Schmidt, Albrecht:
Assisitive Augmentation at the Manual Assembly Workplace using In-Situ Projection

In: CHI ’14 Workshop on Assistive Augmentation. April 27th 2014.

Abstract [CHI-Worshop Paper]

In this paper, we argue for using in-situ projection to augment a user’s working experience. By recognizing objects on a workplace, the system is able to detect the current step within a workflow. Based on the information about position and orientation of the work-piece, speci c feedback can be given – even as a projection on top of the workpiece. So far, our work indicates that this technology is accepted by the industry. Currently, we are investigating the use of gami cation elements on the error rate. Additionally, we introduce a model for the conception of context aware assistive systems (CAAS). With our workshop participation, we want to discuss the potentials of in-situ projection at the manual workplace with the participants.

Tangible and Intuitive Interaction – Video of a Prototype

motionEAP-prototypeAt the University of Stuttgart Institute for Visualization and Interactive Systems (VIS) and the Korion GmbH I am part of a team developing the prototype of a new kind of assistive system in the project motionEAP. The prototype combines the 3D-spaces of the depth sensors Kinect and Leap Motion.

It detects individual fingers of both hands and allows to direct processes with simple gestures. Both gestures in space and touch events on the surface of the workspace are detected. At the same time the system allows to project videos or interactive 3D-spaces on any kind of surface.

As an example this allows to zoom or rotate a workpart through simple gestures. In future development iterations we will integrate object detection allowing a context- or product-specific feedback on processes, e.g. in manual assembly. This context-aware feedback is a pre-requisite for the later implementation of gamification components. These will allow to integrate feedback smoothly and least disruptive while motivating the assistive system’s users.

The following video illustrates the prototype’s current features:

Gips-Schüle-Award for Research on Assistive Systems

Gips_Schuele_Forschungspreis2

Copyright by Gips-Schüle-Stiftung

On October 23rd 2013 the Special-Research Award for Human-Technology-Interaction by the Gips-Schüle-Foundation was awarded to the project ASLM. With the research lab located at the University of Applied Sciences Esslingen, the project aimed to develop a new kind of assistive system to support persons with impairments in production environments. The new assistive system uses motion tracking and projection. Within the project gamification elements were explored to improve motivation and work satisfaction. The system was constructed and built with the support of the company Schnaithmann. The system was evaluated at the sheltered work organization BWH Heilbronn. We congratulate the three awardees.

Basic research on assistive systems using motion recognition, projection and gamification can be found in the following publications:

MuC 2013 in Bremen

By Oliver on September 8th, 2013 in conferences, HCI, publications, Uncategorized

International Conference on Humans & Computer (Mensch und Computer, MuC)
(organized by the University of Bremen, Germany)

2013-MuC2

http://www.interaktivevielfalt.org/

September 08-11, Bremen, Germany

Presentation of Paper: Augmentierte Produktion. Assistenzsysteme mit Projektion und Gamification für leistungsgeminderte und leistungsgewandelte Menschen

Impression from keynote:

MuC_130909a-sm

Augmentierte Produktion. Assistenzsysteme mit Projektion und Gamification für leistungsgeminderte und leistungsgewandelte Menschen

Korn, Oliver; Abele, Stephan; Schmidt, Albrecht; Hörz, Thomas:
Augmentierte Produktion. Assistenzsysteme mit Projektion und Gamification für leistungsgeminderte und leistungsgewandelte Menschen

In: Boll, S.; Maaß, S. & Malaka, R. (eds.): Tagungsband der Konferenz Mensch & Computer 2013, Oldenbourg Verlag, München, 2013, pp. 119-128

Abstract

Assistenzsysteme in der Produktion beschränken sich bislang darauf, Werkern Instruktionen zur Montage von Produkten zu geben. Eine Anpassung an die körperlichen und geistigen Fähigkeiten des Anwenders findet bislang nicht statt. Auch neue Konzepte der Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion (MMI) finden nur langsam Anwendung. Mit dem Prototypen eines augmentierten Assistenzsystems haben wir experimentell untersucht, wie zwei neuere Ansätze der MMI sich auf die Leistungsfähigkeit von Personen mit Leistungsminderungen auswirken: Die Projektion von Informationen direkt in den Arbeitsbereich (in-situ) und die Anreicherung von Arbeitsprozessen mit spielerischen Elementen (Gamification). Zugleich wurde die Akzeptanz solcher Systeme untersucht.

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