Posts Tagged ‘elderly’

Strategies for Playful Design when Gamifying Rehabilitation

Korn, Oliver; Tietz, Stefan:

Strategies for Playful Design when Gamifying Rehabilitation. A Study on User Experience

In: PETRA ’17 Proceedings of the 10h Int. Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments, ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2017, pp. 209-214

DOI = http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/3056540.3056550 [to be published]

Text on ResearchGate

Abstract

Gamifying rehabilitation is an efficient way to improve motivation and exercise frequency. However, between flow theory, self-determination theory or Bartle’s player types there is much room for speculation regarding the mechanics required for successful gamification, which in turn leads to increased motivation. For our study, we selected a gamified solution for motion training (an exergame) where the playful design elements are extremely simple.

The contribution is three-fold: we show best practices from the state of the art, present a study analyzing the effects of simple gamification mechanics on a quantitative and on a qualitative level and discuss strategies for playful design in therapeutic movement games.

Presentation

The paper has been presented on June 23 at PETRA ’17, the 10th International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments.

Delphi Study on Emotion Recognition within Workshop @ AAL-Forum 2016

AAL Forum 2016 KeynoteThe AAL Forum 2016 takes place in St. Gallen from September 26 to 29. Gerald Bieber from Fraunhofer IGD and Oliver Korn are chairing Workshop 28: From Recognizing Motion to Emotion Awareness – Perspectives for Future AAL Solutions:

There are several examples for the successful use of sensor-based motion recognition, e.g. for fall prevention or rehabilitation of elderly persons. However, motivation is always key when it comes to redundant exercises. While motion recognition helps to ensure a movement is performed correctly, emotion recognition can help to ensure an exercise is performed regularly.

The contribution of the workshop is three-fold. We will investigate best practices using motion recognition, show some potentials of emotion recognition and finally will develop perspectives for the application of emotion recognition in existing and future AAL solutions. The last section will be integrated in a Delphi study.

PhD thesis: Context-Aware Assistive Systems for Augmented Work. A Framework Using Gamification and Projection

At May 21st I finished my PhD in Computer Science at the Institute for Visualization and Interactive Systems (VIS) at the University of Stuttgart. The advisors were Prof. Dr. Albrecht Schmidt from the VIS and Prof. Dr. Fillia Makedon from the Universiy of Texas Alington (UTA). The work is based on the project ASLM acquired by Prof. Dr. Thomas Hörz from the University of Applied Sciences Esslingen and was continued in the project motionEAP.

Diss-CoverThe PhD is situated in the University of Stuttgart’s SimTech Cluster and was supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. It is published as “Open Source” – this means you can download and distribute this work freely as long as you indicate the source:

Context-Aware Assistive Systems for Augmented Work. A Framework Using Gamification and Projection (PDF, 7.7 MB)

If you prefer a printed version you can order it at Lulu Press.

Keywords:

assistive systems, assistive technologies, gamification, projection, motion recognition, context-aware, game design, human computer interaction, HCI, elderly, impaired, ethics, digital factory, cyber-physical systems, CPS

Abstract:

While context-aware assistive systems (CAAS) have become ubiquitous in cars or smartphones, most workers in production environments still rely on their skills and expertise to make the right choices and movements. (more…)

Context-aware Assistive Systems at the Workplace. Analyzing the Effects of Projection and Gamification

CAAS-ModelKorn, Oliver; Funk, Markus; Abele, Stephan; Schmidt, Albrecht; Hörz, Thomas:
Context-aware Assistive Systems at the Workplace. Analyzing the Effects of Projection and Gamification

In: PETRA ’14 Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments, ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2014
DOI =10.1145/2674396.2674406

Abstract

Context-aware assistive systems (CAAS) have become ubiquitous in cars or smartphones but not in industrial work contexts: while there are systems controlling work results, context-specific assistance during the processes is hardly offered. As a result production workers still have to rely on their skills and expertise. While un-impaired workers may cope well with this situation, elderly or impaired persons in production environments need context-sensitive assistance.

The contribution of the research presented here is three-fold: (1) We provide a framework for context-aware assistive systems in production environments. These systems are based on motion recognition and use projection and elements from game design (gamification) to augment work. (2) Based on this framework we describe a prototype with respect to both the physical and the software implementation. (3) We present the results of a study with impaired workers and quantifying the effects of the augmentations on work speed and quality.

Augmentierte Produktion. Assistenzsysteme mit Projektion und Gamification für leistungsgeminderte und leistungsgewandelte Menschen

Korn, Oliver; Abele, Stephan; Schmidt, Albrecht; Hörz, Thomas:
Augmentierte Produktion. Assistenzsysteme mit Projektion und Gamification für leistungsgeminderte und leistungsgewandelte Menschen

In: Boll, S.; Maaß, S. & Malaka, R. (eds.): Tagungsband der Konferenz Mensch & Computer 2013, Oldenbourg Verlag, München, 2013, pp. 119-128

Abstract

Assistenzsysteme in der Produktion beschränken sich bislang darauf, Werkern Instruktionen zur Montage von Produkten zu geben. Eine Anpassung an die körperlichen und geistigen Fähigkeiten des Anwenders findet bislang nicht statt. Auch neue Konzepte der Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion (MMI) finden nur langsam Anwendung. Mit dem Prototypen eines augmentierten Assistenzsystems haben wir experimentell untersucht, wie zwei neuere Ansätze der MMI sich auf die Leistungsfähigkeit von Personen mit Leistungsminderungen auswirken: Die Projektion von Informationen direkt in den Arbeitsbereich (in-situ) und die Anreicherung von Arbeitsprozessen mit spielerischen Elementen (Gamification). Zugleich wurde die Akzeptanz solcher Systeme untersucht.

Exergames for Elderly Persons: Physical Exercise Software Based on Motion Tracking within the Framework of Ambient Assisted Living

Ser.Games+Virt.Worlds-CoverKorn, Oliver; Brach, Michael; Hauer, Klaus & Unkauf, Sven:
Exergames for Elderly Persons: Physical Exercise Software
Based on Motion Tracking within the Framework of Ambient Assisted Living

In: Bredl, Klaus & Bösche, Wolfgang (eds.):
Serious Games and Virtual Worlds in Education,
Professional Development, and Healthcare
,
chapter 16, Information Science Reference / IGI Global,
Hershey, PA, USA, 2013, 258-268
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-3673-6.ch016

Abstract

This chapter introduces the prototype of a software developed to assist elderly persons in performing physical exercises to prevent falls. The result — a combination of sport exercises and gaming — is also called “exergame.” The software is based on research and development conducted within the
“motivotion60+” research project as part of the AAL-program (Ambient Assisted Living).

The authors outline the use of motion recognition and analysis to promote physical activity among elderly people: it allows Natural Interaction (NI) and takes away the conventional controller, which represented a hurdle for the acceptance of technical solutions in the target group; it allows the real-time scaling of the exergame’s difficulty to adjust to the user’s individual fitness level and thus keep motivation up. The authors’ experiences with the design of the exergame and the first results from its evaluation regarding space, interaction, design, effort, and fun, as well as human factors, are portrayed. The authors also give an outlook on what future exergames using motion recognition should look like.

Full Text

http://www.igi-global.com/book/serious-games-virtual-worlds-education/72157

The Potentials of In-Situ-Projection for Augmented Workplaces in Production. A Study with Impaired Persons

By Oliver on February 13th, 2013 in assistive systems, assistive technology, HCI, HMI, publications

Korn, Oliver; Schmidt, Albrecht; Hörz, Thomas:

An assembly workplace augmented by the projection of instructions directly into the workspace ("in-situ") of the impaired worker.

An assembly workplace augmented by the projection of instructions directly into the workspace (“in-situ”) of the impaired worker.

The Potentials of In-Situ-Projection for Augmented Workplaces in Production.
A Study with Impaired Persons

In: Extended Abstracts of the ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2013, DOI = 10.1145/2468356.2468531

Abstract

Interactive projections have been around for more than a decade. We measured their potentials for augmented workplaces in production. For this purpose we built the prototype of an assistive system projecting instructions directly into the workspace (in situ). While it can be applied in every production environment, the system was first implemented and tested where it is needed the most: in a sheltered work organization employing persons with impairments.

It could be shown that the assembly times could be slightly reduced by the augmented system. However it had a “catalytic” effect on the test subjects’ work quality: While some seem to be overwhelmed by the new information density and perform worse, others perform much better than the control group and significantly reduce error rates. The qualitative results show that although impaired persons retain a critical perspective on systems directly changing the way they have been working for years, all users would like to retry working with the system. When looking at additional aids like the projection of a real-sized model in the workspace, the users invariantly accept its benefits for their assembly work.

GameDays 2012

3rd International Conference and 8th Science meets Business Workshop on Serious Games for Training, Education, Health and Sports plus 7th International Conference on E-Learning and Games
(organized by the University of Darmstadt)

http://www.gamedays2012.de/

September 18-20, Darmstadt, Germany

Presentation of Paper: Context-sensitive User-centered Scalability: An Introduction Focusing on Exergames and Assistive Systems in Work Contexts

Context-sensitive User-centered Scalability: An Introduction Focusing on Exergames and Assistive Systems in Work Contexts

Korn, Oliver; Brach, Michael; Schmidt, Albrecht; Hörz, Thomas; Konrad, Robert:
Context-sensitive User-centered Scalability: An Introduction Focusing on Exergames and Assistive Systems in Work Contexts

In: Göbel, Stefan; Müller, Wolfgang; Urban, Bodo & Wiemeyer, Josed (eds.): E-Learning and Games for Training, Education, Health and Sports, Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences, vol. 7516, Springer, Berlin 2012, 164-176

Abstract (more…)

Assistive Technologies at Home and in the Workplace – A field of Research for Exercise Science and Human Movement Science

Brach, Michael & Korn, Oliver
Assistive Technologies at Home and in the Workplace –
A field of Research for Exercise Science and Human Movement Science

In: European Review on Aging an Physical Activity,  2012

http://www.springerlink.com/content/8153606317wr89r4/

Fulltext-PDF: Brach+Korn_2012_Assistive_Technologies_at_Home_and_in_the_Workplace

DOI 10.1007/s11556-012-0099-z